Rare Oral Health Problems Everyone Should Know About

August 26, 2021

Filed under: Uncategorized — painesvilledental @ 5:42 pm
dentist showing patient their x-ray

Dentists are always warning patients about the dangers of cavities, tooth decay, and gum disease. However, some uncommon dental issues may arise that need professional treatment – and they’re not as preventable. Even if you take excellent care of your teeth, these unusual tooth disorders can still occur. Are you interested in learning more? Here are a few rare oral health problems that everyone should know about.


Anodontia is a type of tooth agenesis characterized by the absence of some or all teeth. It can affect primary (baby) teeth, but it’s much more common with permanent (adult) teeth. The rare genetic condition can be classified into three types:

  • Anodontia – The complete absence of all teeth.
  • Oligodontia – The absence of six or more teeth.
  • Hypodontia – The absence of one to five teeth.


Unfortunately, this genetic disorder cannot be reversed or cured. Some people assume that missing teeth solely causes aesthetic problems, but that’s not the case at all. Your teeth play a crucial role in speech and eating. To treat anodontia, your dentist might suggest dental implants, dentures, or bridges. They’ll evaluate your mouth to determine the best option for your smile.

Talon Cusps

Talon cusps are a rare condition characterized as a conical-like growth that develops at the back of a tooth. The exact cause of this condition is unknown, but studies suggest it’s a combination of genetic and environmental factors that contribute to the formation of these cusps. It can cause several dental problems, including malocclusion (bad bite), crowding of the mouth, gum irritation, and plaque accumulation.


The severity of your talon cusp will determine what type of treatment, if any, is needed. Small cusps may not need treatment at all, as they’ll gradually wear down over time. But if your cusp contains tooth pulp, then a root canal might be necessary.

Geminated Teeth

Tooth gemination occurs when a single bud splits and forms two teeth. Usually, it looks like a single enlarged tooth, so there’s no difference in your tooth count. This condition can lead to a misaligned bite, tooth decay in the area where the chambers join, and overcrowding in the mouth.


Your dentist will suggest a treatment based on your unique case. Some patients might need sealants and fillings to prevent bacterial buildup, while others may require shaping and crowns. However, the best option in most cases is to leave it alone and monitor it.

Hyperdontia or Supernumerary Teeth

Hyperdontia is a condition that causes excess teeth to develop in your mouth. Most cases only involve one to two additional teeth erupting. Since they develop in the gum, they can delay the eruption of other teeth and cause overcrowding or crooked eruption.


Some cases don’t require treatment, but others may need extraction. If the extra teeth are affecting your oral hygiene or other teeth, it’s simply best to remove them as soon as possible. The best course of action truly depends on your individual case.

Although these rare oral health problems aren’t avoidable, they’re treatable with the help of your dentist. Ultimately, proper dental care and a healthy lifestyle will go a long way in maintaining a problem-free smile!

About the Practice

At Painesville Dental Group, we offer exceptional, top-tier, comprehensive dental services that are guaranteed to give you a smile you’re proud of. We use the latest techniques, materials, and technologies to ensure your oral health is in its best shape possible. Do you think you have one of the rare oral health problems outlined above? Don’t hesitate to contact our team. We’ll provide you with the prompt treatment you deserve! Visit our website or call (440) 354-2183 to schedule an appointment.

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